The Power of Analogical Reasoning in GPT-3
Large language models like OpenAI GPT-3 have shown remarkable abilities in solving logical problems through analogical reasoning. Researchers from the University of California in Los Angeles (USA) conducted a study that highlighted the model’s capacity to draw analogies, a cognitive process reminiscent of how humans tackle novel problems by comparing them with familiar ones.
Neural Network vs. Human Mind: Analogical Reasoning Comparison
In the study, the researchers presented GPT-3 with various logical problems that required the application of known patterns to novel situations. Surprisingly, the neural network proved to be as effective, if not more so, than humans in reasoning by analogy. While psychologists believe that human analogical reasoning relies on systematic comparison based on explicit relational representations, understanding AI’s mechanisms remains a challenge. The researchers ponder whether AI’s analogical reasoning could fundamentally differ from human thinking.
Unveiling the Roots: The Influence of Language on AI’s Reasoning
The AI’s impressive analogical reasoning capabilities could be attributed to its extensive exposure to a vast array of human language during training, notes NIX Solutions. This language, a product of human intellectual evolution and rich in analogies, might serve as the foundation for GPT-3’s reasoning abilities. As a result, the AI could be inherently dependent on natural human intelligence, leading some researchers to describe it as “fundamentally parasitizing” human knowledge.